Première rècolte de laine de cashmere brute avant d'être triée, tout ce qui n'est pas blanc est enlevé la main pour obtenir le cachemire extra blanc qui servira à la réalisation de nos plaids.
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For the first time, in 1664, a Western passenger, François Bernier, should marvel in front of the softness of the tartan rugs which he met in Mongolia. François Bernier should notice that he made two kinds: some woollen very fine, others in hair «who is taken on the chest of one wild goat». These tartan rugs were so soft, so thick, so fine, as, according to a Mongolian legend, they could pass through a ring. The weavers, always men, used a job horizontal, two or three for every job. The designer denominated "Naqqash", the one who coloured in "Tarah-gourou", in the today's liseur «Talim-guru »and programme of weaving which followed from it« Talim ».C' the eighth century is towards the end of ten when the English discovered these tartan rugs brought by the boats of the Company of India. The Frenchwomen discovered these tartan rugs which the soldiers of Bonaparte brought back to them upon the return to the campaign of Egypt. Jean baptist Décrétot, born in 1743 and son of a producer of sheets in Louviers, seems to be the first to commercialise the cashmere industrially in France. Josephine Bonaparte rushed on these tartan rugs in cashmere and all elegant followed.Tartan rugs cashmere were definitely adopted in Europe.
Hair «who is taken on the chest of one wild goat»
In fact, this wild goat denominates Capra Hircus and lived in External Mongolia (Ulan Baator) on the high sets of the Tibet and d ‘Central Asia at a medium altitude of 4000 metres. They are also high domestiquement at present in Internal Mongolia. By extremely cold temperatures, which attain easily – 40 degrees, this goat has in winter the belly trimmed with a fine down under his long hair. This down, douveteux, fine, and soft is called cashmere. The hair of cashmere is the long, upper in 32 mm and very fine, from 14 to 17 microns. The more air is cold, the more this goat becomes resistant and more this layer augments to protect her.
The fibres of cashmere are collected by combing goat at the hanging hand the cashmere transform it of spring by the nomadic stockbreeders, then is brought to the producers by ambulant collectors. Then it suffers a transformation very technical and automated by carding up to the weaving, tincture (AZOFREE for tartan rugs and scarfs which we offer you) and in manual finishing.
One goat produces about 150 grammes of cashmere a year, what is little. A tartan rug in 140cms wide by 180 cms of long weighs 550 grammes..
Because there is a number very limited by goats cashmere, the cashmere is a rare and expensive material. Its courses are regulated, according to the winters and to the produced quantities, by the Chinese authorities, to which Internal Mongolia belongs, as courts of grant.
Because of this curiosity, its properties of slimness, of softness, of heat and of brilliance the cashmere is considered to be a luxury fibre.
One of the last virgin lands of our planet is. Nature seems to it taken out everything owes Creation: Mountains, volcanoes, steppes, taigas, deep forests, inviolate lakes, rivers well stocked with fish. Tengrii: the big sky unwinds permanently a fabulous show.
In spite of its deserts and its impressive landscapes of loneliness, it is a lived earth, known in its slightest corners by the Mongolians who always go it through.
The half of its two and a half million inhabitants nomadise freely in the steppes, living millenniums of animal husbandry and natural resources according to traditions. They live under Ger and move their campings several times a year. It is about a very hard life and it is even possible to speak about survival in winter.